Two of the desired outcomes for all surgical patients are freedom from injury, and freedom from infection. The goal of preoperative skin preparation is to reduce the risk of postoperative wound infections. This is accomplished by removing soil and transient microorganisms from the skin, and reducing the resident microbial counts to subpathogenic amounts. Risk is further reduced by using agents which inhibit rapid rebound growth of microbes. This video presents the important steps in preoperative skin preparation:
Upon completion of this activity, the participant should be able to:
- State the rationale for preoperative skin preparation
- Describe at least two techniques for skin preparation
- Discuss the concept of prepping "clean to dirty"
- Identify the information to be documented after surgical skin preparation
- List the criteria for an antimicrobial skin preparation product